Much has been discussed lately about organic farming and organic grapes, but what many don’t know is that it’s not just about avoiding the use of pesticides in vineyards; it goes far beyond that.
In organic farming, practices are oriented towards sustainability and respect for the environment.
Here are some ideas about the most common practices in organic viticulture:
Adoption of Native Vines
Choosing local grape varieties that are resistant to pests and adapted to the specific conditions of the region can reduce the need for chemical interventions.
Besides vegetative cover, crops like clover, broad beans, or legumes are cultivated between the vine rows to naturally fix nitrogen in the soil. It also helps reduce erosion and provides habitat for beneficial insects.
Instead of relying entirely on external organic fertilizers, implementing on-site composting systems recycles organic waste from the vineyard and forest.
Some vineyards integrate animals, such as sheep or chickens, for grazing and natural weed control.
Prevention is crucial. This may include using plant extracts, like echinacea tea, known for its antifungal and antibacterial properties.
Integrating the vineyard with other plants and trees in agroforestry systems can increase biodiversity and enhance ecosystem resilience.
Biological Pest Control
Instead of synthetic pesticides, organic viticulture often uses natural methods of pest control, such as introducing natural predators or using repellent plants.
Opting for manual harvesting instead of machines to avoid damage to plants and preserve the integrity of the grapes.
Involving the local community and visitors in understanding organic farming practices, emphasizing the environmental and health benefits associated.
Manual labor is often favored over machines to minimize soil compaction and allow more delicate care of the plants.
These practices not only contribute to the sustainable production of wine but also tell a powerful story about the commitment to the land and quality of organic wine.